Family Counseling – Therapy
Family Counseling is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development. It views change in terms of the systems of interaction between family members. It emphasizes family relationships as an important factor in psychological health. The different schools of family therapy have in common a belief that, regardless of the origin of the problem, and regardless of whether the clients consider it an “individual” or “family” issue, involving families in solutions often benefits clients. This involvement of families is commonly accomplished by their direct participation in the therapy session.
In counseling, the concept of the family is more commonly focused on and used a strong supportive system, for long-term roles and relationships between people who may or may not be related by blood or marriage.
Family counseling brings together members of a family to work through situation or relationship issues. Concerns may include changes in family relationships, conflict, health issues, addiction or other. Counselors will help the family recognize their patterns, build on the positive and develop alternatives, providing all family members a voice in the process. The number of sessions depends on the situation, but the average is 5-20 sessions.
Family therapy uses a range of counseling and other techniques including:
- Structural therapy – identifies and re-orders the organization of the family system
- Strategic therapy – looks at patterns of interactions between family
- Systemic/Milan therapy – focuses on belief systems
- Narrative therapy – restoring of dominant problem-saturated narrative,
emphasis on context, separation of the problem from the person
- Transgenerational therapy – transgenerational transmission of unhelpful
patterns of belief and behavior
- Relationship counseling
- Relationship education
- Systemic coaching
- Systems theory
- Reality therapy
- The genogram-