Counseling psychology is a general practice and mental health service that focuses on how people function, both personally and psychologically in their relationships, at all ages. Counseling psychology addresses theemotional,social, personal, work, school, medical and physical health concerns; people may have at different stages in their lives. It focuses on typical life stresses and more severe psychological or mental issues with which people may struggle as individuals and as a part of families, groups and organizations. Counseling and clinical psychologists help people with physical, emotional psychological and mental health issues improve their sense of well-being, alleviate feelings of distress and resolve crises. In addition, counseling psychologists provide assessment, diagnosis, andtreatment of more severe psychological symptoms and disorders. Such as: depression, anxiety, and mood disorders.
Clinical psychologist have specialized knowledge across all stages of development (i.e., childhood, adolescence, adulthood and older age), counseling psychologists focus on:
Generally speaking, counseling addresses issues on healthy aspects with the aim of strengthening the clients (whether being seen as individuals, couples, families, groups or organizations. also on environmental/situational influences (how cultural, gender and lifestyle issues shape people’s experiences and concerns) on issues of diversity and social justice (e.g., advocacy); On the role of career and work in peoples’ lives. Counseling uses procedures and techniques within counseling psychology include, but are not limited to: Individual, family and group counseling and psychotherapy; crisis interventions, disaster and trauma management. Plus, assessment techniques for the diagnosis of psychological disorders. Programs/workshops that educate and inform the public about mental health, schools, families, relationships and workplace issues so that problems can be prevented before they start or reduced before they get worse. Counseling can be used by consulting with organizations for trainings, and program evaluation and treatment outcome (e.g., client progress)
Problems addressed by counseling psychology are addressed from developmental (lifespan), environmental and cultural perspectives. Such as: school and career/work adjustment issues and concerns, making decisions about career and work, and dealing with school-work-retirement transitions, relationships difficulties-including marital, parenting and family adjustment difficulties, earning and skill deficits, stress management and coping with negative life events,organizational problems. Dealing with and adjusting to physical disabilities, disease or injury, personal/social and sexual identity adjustment. The development of one’s identity. Persistent difficulties with relating to other people in general. Mental disorders. Counseling psychologists also consult with organizations (e.g., businesses) and work groups to help provide a work environment in which people can succeed, and to enhance the ability of organizations to increase productivity and effectiveness. Counseling PIC